If you want to install pavers patio, don’t rush straight to the nearest hardware store to buy paving stones and borrow materials. Detailed planning pays off for this do-it-yourself project. Therefore, take the time for detailed preparation. Here you can read which tips to follow how to install pavers patio: 5 good planning leads to success :
Choosing The Right Pavers
If you want to pavers patio, the general rule is: the smaller the area, the smaller the pavers you should use. The easiest and most economical way to pave your patio is with concrete pavers – at 20 to 40 euros per square meter, they are relatively inexpensive and particularly easy to lay because of their uniform shape. However, concrete pavers patio also have a few drawbacks: they can become porous over the years, metal garden furniture can leave scratches on them, and stains – for example from dripped paint – quickly set in. So regular care is required.
Natural stone paving is easier to maintain, but also more expensive. The classic is and remains granite because this natural material is particularly durable and available in various color shades. But you can also pave your patio with stones made of grauwacke, quartzite, or porphyry. However, there is a crucial pitfall for beginners: The irregular shapes of the paving stones require a deft hand when laying them. You must take this into account in your planning.
Whatever type of pavers you choose, you should always meet two criteria: The bricks should be frost-resistant and about six inches thick. A thickness of eight inches or more is only necessary if you want to pave a driveway or if you want the surface to be walkable.
Start Planning To Install Pavers Patio: The Size Of The Patio
You determine the rough dimensions of your pavers patio. However, the exact size will be determined by the pavers you choose. To avoid having to cut stones to size, match the exact dimensions of your patio to the laying pattern of the pavers – this will make your work much easier later. If in doubt, simply lay a test row with the stones of your choice to determine the exact dimensions of the patio. Once the dimensions are established, mark the perimeter of the patio with wooden stakes tied with rope.
Purchasing Materials And Machinery
Before you can pavers your patio, you need to create a frost-free, load-bearing surface. Especially important for planning: are the right tools and materials:
- Spade/shovel for excavation
- Wheelbarrow for removal
- Vibrating plate (to borrow from a hardware store) for compacting the subgrade
- Level to check the necessary slope
- Gravel (grain size up to about 45 millimeters, for a layer thickness of 14 centimeters)
- Chippings or gravel (grain size up to about 32 millimeters, for a layer thickness of 7 centimeters)
After Planning: Laying The Substructure Correctly
The sub-base of a patio usually consists of two layers: A base layer of crushed stone and a bed of gravel or crushed stone. To lay it, you must first excavate the area where your patio will later be built. Remove the soil in this area to a depth of about 30 centimeters and compact the remaining subgrade in three passes with the vibratory plate.
On top of that, pour a 14-centimeter deep layer of gravel, which you also compact. Remember to include a slope of about two percent from the house to the garden, so that rainwater can easily drain later. The gravel layer, which serves as frost protection and to further aerate the soil, is followed by a seven-centimeter deep layer of chippings (alternatively gravel), which serves as drainage and weed protection and should also be compacted. Keep the slope here too!
Paving Patio: Now You Can Start
You can now lay your pavers on the crushed stone or gravel bed. Newcomers to this field should follow the laying patterns recommended or supplied by the manufacturer – that way nothing can usually go wrong. As you pave your patio, gently tap the individual pavers into place with a rubber mallet.
Once all the stones are laid, it’s time to grout. You can use silver or quartz sand, which you should apply to the paved surface in sections and sweep diagonally into the joints with a broom. Finally, you should also go over the laid stones with a vibrating plate to prevent them from subsiding or skewing later.
If you want to read a similar article to how to install pavers patio: 5 good planning leads to success you can also read how to clean pavers on your patio. If you want to find the best budget read backyard patio ideas on a budget.